Medium: Oil on canvas
Size: 36 x 50 in.
Accession Number: 2005.51
Purchased with funds provided by the Friends of American Art
The Hudson River at Hyde Park, New York
Johann Herman Carmiencke
The Hudson River at Hyde Park, New York is a view from what is now the historic Vanderbilt Estate looking northwest up the Hudson towards the distant Catskill Mountains. The scene presents many of the key stylistic elements used by painters of the Hudson River School, a uniquely American style of landscape painting that favored sweeping panoramic vistas and luminescent atmospheres.
Like his Hudson River School colleagues, Johann Hermann Carmiencke included many descriptive details in his work. In the foreground of the painting, a woman and child carry water from a spring back to their cabin. While on the river, sailboats and the distinctive Hudson River side-wheel steamboat can be seen – such river crafts, carrying goods between the Erie Canal and New York City, made the Hudson River the most important artery of commerce in the mid-19th century.